Main Article Content
In Viet Nam, mangosteen is grown mainly in the Southeastern and the Mekong Delta provinces (about 4,900 ha). The peel and un-ripened fruit accounts for 68-70 %, which is now almost are discarded. Mangosteen peels content more than 20% (w/w) polyphenols (Nguyen Thi Hien et al, 2018). Many compounds of them are antioxidative, antibacterial, antifungal and protein precipitable such as xanthone, tannin, anthocyanin.
In this study, traditional extraction, enzyme assisted extraction (EAE) and ultrasonic assisted extraction (UAE) to obtain polyphenol compounds from the peels of Gacinia mangostana Linn collected from Can Tho, Vietnam were investigated. For traditional extraction: Ethanol (60%) acidified was used as solvent, the ratio of solvent to material was of 20 (v/w), temperature at 60oC was selected. For EAE, amylase and polygalactuonase enzymes help to increase tannins extraction efficiency in comparion to non-enzymes extraction. The condition for EAE: 0.5% concentration of enzyme (v/w) at 60oC, pH 5 for 30 minutes was selected. UAE technique has increased extraction efficiency, especially at intensity of 40KHz, at 60°C for 15 minutes and its extraction efficiency was more than 90%. Practical applications: Xanthone, anthocyanin and tannin extracted from peels of mangosteen, can be used afterward for additive in some food application as natural coloring substance and antioxidants for preservation.
Chen L.-G., L.-L. Yang and C.-C. Wang. Anti-inflammatory activity of mangostins from Garcinia mangostana. Food and Chemical Toxicology, 2008, 46(2): 688-693.http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fct.2007.09.096
Cheok C. Y., Chin, N.L., Yusof Y.A., Talib R.A. and Law C.L.. Optimization of total monomeric anthocyanin (TMA) and total phenolic content (TPC) extractions from mangosteen(Garcinia mangostana Linn.) hull using ultrasonic treatments. Industrial Crops and Products, 2013, 50: 1-7.http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.indcrop.2013.07.024
Destandau, E., Toribio A., Lafosse M., Pecher V., Lamy C. and André P.. Centrifugal partition chromatography directly interfaced with mass spectrometry for the fast screening and fractionation of major xanthones in Garcina mangostana. Journal of Chromatography A., 2009, 1216(9): 1390-1394.https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2008.12.075
Gutierrez-Orozco F. and Mark Failla M.L.. Biological Activities and Bioavailability of Mangosteen Xanthones: A Critical Review of the Current Evidence. Nutrients, 2013, 5: 3163-3183.https://doi.org/10.3390/nu5083163
Giusti, M. and Jing P. Analysis of anthocyanins. Food Colorants: Chemical and Functional Properties, 2008, pp. 479-506.https://doi.org/10.1201/9781420009286
Heo S.-J., Park E.-J., Lee K.-W. and Jeon Y.-J.. Antioxidant activities of enzymatic extracts from brown seaweeds. Bioresource Technology, 2005, 96(14): 1613-1623.https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2004.07.013
Hien N.T., Hoa H.D., Hoa N.O., Tram P.T. and Tu N.T.M. Study on extraction of tannins from the Gacinia mangostana peel in Viet Nam. Vietnam Journal of Science and Technology, 2018, 56 (4A) 113-120.https://doi.org/10.15625/2525-2518/56/4A/13118
Ji, X., Avula B.and Khan I.A.. Quantitative and qualitative determination of six xanthones in Garcinia mangostana L. by LC–PDA and LC–ESI-MS. Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis, 2007, 43(4): 1270-1276.https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpba.2006.10.018
Khasnabis, J., C. Rai and A. Roy. Determination of tannin content by titrimetric method from different types of tea. Journal of Chemical and Pharmaceutical Research, 2015, 7(6):238-241http://www.jocpr.com
Lohachoompol, V., G. Srzednicki and J. Craske. The Change of Total Anthocyanins in Blueberries and Their Antioxidant Effect After Drying and Freezing. Journal of Biomedicine and Biotechnology, 2004, (5): 248-252.http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1082901
Moosophin K., Wetthaisong T., Seeratchakot L. and Kokluecha W. Tannin Extraction from Mangosteen Peel for Protein Precipitation in Wine. KKU. Res. J., 2010, 15(5): 9.https://tcithaijo.org/index.php/APST/article/view/83180
Obolskiy D., Pischel I., Siriwatanametanon N. and Heinrich M.. Garcinia mangostana L.: A Phytochemical and Pharmacological Review. Phytotherapy research, 2009, 23: 1047–1065.https://doi.org/10.1002/ptr.2730
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Copyright Licensing Agency
Institutions based in the EU with a valid photocopying and/or digital license with the Copyright Licensing Agency may copy excerpts from books and journals published by the Academic Publishing House of UFT Plovdiv under the terms of their license.
Copyright Clearance Center
Institutions based in the US with a valid photocopying and/or digital license with the Copyright Clearance Center may copy excerpts from books and journals published by the Academic Publishing House of UFT Plovdiv under the terms of their license.
Other Territories: Please contact your local reproduction rights organization.
If you have any questions about the permitted uses of a specific article, please contact us.
Permissions Department of Academic Publishing House of UFT Plovdiv
Plovdiv 4002, 26 Maritsa Blvd., Bulgaria
Tel.: +359 (32) 603-687
Fax: +359 (32) 644-102