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As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  • Before you start sending your manuscript files, make sure you have a completed Cover Letter according to the template. This Cover Letter must be uploaded together with the other files of the manuscript (Submission file 1, Submission file 2 in PDF and docx, tables and figures - if applicable)
  • The manuscript or any parts of it have never been published before nor are they being considered for publication elsewhere at the time of the submission.
  • The requirements set for Title page (Submission file 1) and Anonymous manuscript (Submission file 2) should be followed accordingly.
  • Submission file 1 is in Microsoft Word, or OpenOffice, or RTF document file format.
  • Submission file 2 is in a PDF + Microsoft Word, or OpenOffice, or RTF document file format;
  • All metadata should be cleared from Submission file 2 PDF Anonymous manuscript (for Reviewers);
  • Where available, URLs (Internet addresses), DOI, and journal sites for the references have been provided
  • Tables should have appropriate captions at the top and be numbered with Arabic numerals in the order of their appearance in the text
  • Each Figure should be numbered with Arabic numerals in the order of its appearance in the text. Each Figure must have a separate caption and legend.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.
  • The authors declare that they are not aware of any competing financial interests or personal relationships that could have influenced the work reported in the paper.

It is mandatory for authors to follow the instructions below. Manuscripts that are not prepared accordingly will not be processed.

In the event that the authors are aware of any competing financial interests or personal relationships that could have influenced the work reported in this paper, they need to send a letter explaining all potential conflict of interests to the Editor-in-Chief. After consideration of the case, the Editorial Board will decide on the admissibility of the manuscript.

Manuscript preparation
Food Science and Applied Biotechnology
 only publishes articles in the English language. The American spelling is preferred. Manuscripts must be grammatically and linguistically correct. Authors who are not native English speakers are encouraged to use the help of experts fluent in English.

Types of contributions
The following categories of manuscripts are accepted for publication:
- Research Articles
- Review Articles
- Short Communications
- Technical Notes

Research Articles
Research articles should not exceed 5,000 words and should include up to 6 tables/figures. They should present complete investigations. Longer manuscripts could also be considered but only when based on the amount of important data presented and not on the presentation of insufficient information. Manuscripts must not have been previously published elsewhere. Research Articles should be divided into sections as listed below.

Review Articles
Review articles should consist of around 8,000 words and include up to 5 tables/figures. We encourage authors to have preliminary correspondence with the Sector Editor in charge or the Editor-in-Chief and outline the content of the manuscript. Review articles should be divided into sections that are relevant to the topic.

Short Communications
Short communications are concise articles describing scientifically sound research that contributes new knowledge, going far beyond the state of the art.

The results reported may be of a preliminary nature, but of such importance that rapid publication will be justified. If deemed appropriate by the editors, these manuscripts will be subjected to the standard, but accelerated, peer review process.

Short communications do not need to be divided into titled sections; however, they should start with an abstract (maximum 150 words). They should not exceed 2,500 words (including no more than 15 – 20 references) and contain no more than 3 figures and/or tables).

Technical Notes
Technical notes are short peer-reviewed articles describing the development of new or modification of existing equipment applicable to the food/biotechnological industry. Technical notes could also present an analytical or computational method as well as software tools. The main criteria for publication will be the novelty and scientific soundness of the results reported and their potential for practical applications.

Technical notes do not need to be divided into titled sections; however, they should start with an abstract (maximum 150 words). They should not exceed 2,500 words (including no more than 15 – 20 references) and should contain no more than 3 figures and/or tables).

Style of manuscripts
See the template files and/or Samples bellow.

Title page (for Editors) - Submission file 1 - Download template,
Download Sample Title Page
This Title page should be in a separate Microsoft Word, OpenOffice or RTF document file containing:
    1) Title of the paper;
    2) Full names (the first name and family name) of the authors, their emails and affiliations;
    3) Abstract: 150 – 200 words;
    4) Title, name, email, phone and/or fax numbers and detailed mailing address of the corresponding author and titles;
    5) Up to 7 keywords;
    6) A list of abbreviations.

Anonymous Manuscript (for Reviewers and Editors) - Submission file 2 - Download Sample Anonymous Manuscript
All metadata should be cleared from Submission file 2.
The Anonymous Manuscript should be in separate files, both in PDF and Microsoft Word, OpenOffice or RTF document file formats, containing:
The title page as an integral part of the manuscript containing:
        1.1) Title of the paper;
        1.2) Abstract: between 150 – 200 words;
        1.3) Up to 7 keywords;
        1.4) A list of abbreviations.
    2) Full text of the Manuscript submitted.

The Abstract should be informative and self-explanatory. It should not exceed 150 or 200 words (specified above for different types of contributions) and should not include references and/or abbreviations.

The abstract should include:
   • One sentence that introduces the reader to the problem of the article;
   • Clearly defined objectives/aim of the study;
   • A brief description of the experimental set-up, types of samples, and more important data for statistical analysis, such as probability (for example p<0.05), number of replications (for example n=7), presence of statistically significant differences, etc.;
   • Results selected by the authors in order of importance, indicating specific values, confidence intervals of variation and the probability of confirming or rejecting the null hypothesis;
   • The abstract should end with a single sentence describing the main findings/conclusions of the study.

The Introduction
 should describe recently published literature (references) on the subject matter of the manuscript, a clear hypothesis and novelty of the research presented. At the end of this section, the objectives/aim of the study should be clearly defined.

Materials and Methods
The Materials and Methods section should describe in detail all materials and methods used in the study allowing its reiteration. Authors should refer protocols to the original papers and only their own modifications should be described in detail.

Results and Discussion
The Results and Discussion section could be divided into two subsections: “Results” and “Discussion”. A combined “Results and Discussion” section is also acceptable.
In this section, the main experimental results should be described.
Presentation of the statistical analysis data is essential!
The results presented should be discussed further from the point of view of currently available knowledge.
It is important that the available scientific information be enriched but not repeated.

The Conclusions section should highlight the main results of the study and summarize the authors’ point of view concerning the future prospects of the problems they discuss in the manuscript.
The concluding section should provide an answer if the null hypothesis of the experiment has been confirmed or rejected.
In this section, the authors must draw conclusions related to the acquisition of new fundamental knowledge and facts resulting from the research, and, if applicable, to the practical application of the results.

 should be given as to the authors’ funding sources.

References in the text (including those in tables and figure legends) should be presented in brackets with the first author’s name and the year of publication, i.e. (Broun et al. 2016).

For the References section, please follow the examples. It is recommended that authors use the following types of references:

Articles in English with a DOI number:
Berkov S., Pavlov A., Ilieva M., Burrus M., Popov S., Stanilova M. GC-MS of alkaloids in Leucojum aestivum plants and their in vitro cultures. Phytochemical Analysis, 2005, 16(2): 98–103. http://doi.org/10.1002/pca.824

Articles in English without a DOI number:
Ramirez-Ramirez G., Chassagne D., Feuillat M., Voilley A., Charpentier C. Effect of wine constituents on aroma compound sorption by oak wood in a model system. American Journal of Enology and Viticulture, 2004, 55(1): 22–26.

Articles in the Original Language other than English:
Vlahova-Vangelova D., Balev D., Dragoev S. Morphological changes of m. Longissimus dorsi during acid marinating with sodium citrate. Agricultural Sciences, 2013, 5(14): 151–156. [in Bulgarian]

Articles Published Online Ahead of the Print Version as Early View:
Yu H.Y., Lee S.-J., Lee S.Y., Lee S.K., Hur S.J. Effect of dietary bioactive compounds and biopolymer encapsulated lipids on metabolism of lipids in high fat diet-fed mice. European Journal of Lipid Science and Technology, Version of record online: 30 December 2016. In press. http://doi.org/10.1002/ejlt.201600310

Lawrie R. A. The storage and preservation of meat III. Direct microbial inhibition. In: Meat Science (Fourth Edition). Elsevier Ltd., Pergamon Press Oxford, New York, Toronto, Sydney, Paris, Frankfurt, 1985, рр. 159–168, Print ISBN: 978-0-08-030789-3. http://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-08-030789-3.50002-6

Textbooks and Handbooks:
Ray B., Bhunia A. Fundamental Food Microbiology (Fifth Edition). CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group. 2013, 663 pages. Print ISBN: 978-1-4665-6443-5, eBook ISBN: 978-1-4822-0866-5

Book Chapters:
Dzhambazova T., Badjakov I., Dincheva I. Georgieva M., Tsvetkov I., Pavlov A., Marchev A., Mihalev K., Ivanov G., Kondakova V., Batchvarova R., Atanassov A. New Approaches for Detection of Unique Qualities of Small Fruits. In: Omics Technologies and Crop Improvement (N. Benkeblia Ed.). CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group. 2014, рр. 187–208, Print ISBN: 978-1-4665-8668-0, eBook ISBN: 978-1-4665-8669-7, http://doi.org/10.1201/b17573

Chapter in a Book from a Book Series:
Mai D.S., Hoang N.K. Impact of climate change on foodborne pathogens. In: Foodborne Pathogens and Food Safety (Md. Latiful Bari, Dike O. Ukuku Eds). Food Biology Series, CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group. 2015, рр. 156–167. Print ISBN: 978-1-4987-2408-1, eBook ISBN: 978-1-4987-2410-4

Grivetti L.E., Shapiro H.Y. Eds. Chocolate, History, culture, and heritage. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2009. Available at: www.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/book/10.1002/9780470411315. http://doi.org/10.1002/9780470411315

Guides and Manuals as e-Books:
SAS/STAT user's guide, v. 9.3. Cary, NC, USA, SAS Institute, Inc. 2011. Available at:

Hermund D.B. Extraction, characterization and application of antioxidants from the Nordic brown alga Fucus vesiculosus. PhD thesis by National Food Institute, Technical University of Denmark, 2016 [in Danish]

Pandey R., Ratnani K., Ahmed S., Williams J. Direct conversion of methane to hythane. US Patent 5516967, 1996.

Symposia, Congresses, Proceedings:
Leboš Pavunc A., Kos B., Beganović J., Gjuračić K., Šušković J. Selection of probiotic strains from Croatian traditional fresh cheese. Book of Abstracts of the 5th Central European Congress of Food, Bratislava, Slovakia, 2010, p. 176.

McVittie J., Jellis G., Flux A. Evaluation of wheat quality for the UK in the HGCA recommended list system. In:  Using cereal science and technology for the benefit of consumers (S.P. Cauvain, L.S. Young, S.S. Salmon Eds). Proceedings of the 12th International ICC Cereal and Bread Congress; 2016 May 23–26, Harrogate, UK. Woodhead Publishing Ltd. and CRC Press, Boca Raton, Boston, Ney Work, Washington, DC, 2005, pp. 13-17. ISBN 978-0-8493-3771-0

Official Analytical Methods:
AOAC Official Method 2003.08. Enumeration of Staphylococcus aureus in selected dairy foods. Gaithersburg, MD, USA, AOAC International, 2003.
ASTM D882-12. Standard test method for tensile properties of thin plastic sheeting. West Conshohocken, PA, USA: ASTM International; 2012. http://doi.org/10.1520/D0882
ISO 8586:2012. Sensory analysis – General guidelines for the selection, training and monitoring of selected assessors and expert sensory assessors. Geneva, Switzerland: International Organization for Standardization (ISO), 2012.
AACC Method 44-15.02. Moisture – air-oven methods. St. Paul, MN, USA, American Association of Cereal Chemists (AACC) International, 2010.

The inclusion of the following types of references is not encouraged. Authors are kindly requested to include these types of references only if absolutely necessary.

Official Methods in Languages other than English: 
BDS EN ISO 660:2009. Animal and vegetable fats and oils – Determination of acid value and acidity (ISO 660:2009). Sofia, Bulgaria: The Bulgarian Institute of Standardization, 2009 [in Bulgarian] 

Scientific Reports: 
European Food Safety Authority (EFSA). Analysis of the baseline survey on the prevalence of Listeria monocytogenes in certain ready-to-eat foods in the EU, 2010–2011. Part A: Listeria monocytogenes prevalence estimates. EFSA J. 2013, 11(6): 3241.  http://doi.org/10.2903/j.efsa.2013.3241
WHO Technical Report No. 940. Evaluation of certain food additives: 67th report of the Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives. Geneva, Switzerland, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations and World Health Organization (FAO/WHO), 2006. Available at:  http://www.who.int/WHO_TRS_ 940.pdf

STATISTICA, v. 12, StatSoft, Inc., Tulsa, OK, USA, 2012. Available at: http://www.statsoft.com
Clustal W., v. 2.1. Dublin, Ireland: UCD Conway Institute of Biomolecular and Biomedical Research, 2014. Available at: http://www.clustal.org

NIST/EPA/NIH Mass Spectral Library, NIST 14, v. 2.2g. Gaithersburg, MD, USA: National Institute of Standards and Technology, 2013. Available at: http://www.nist.gov/srd/nist1a.cfm
GenBank®. Bethesda, MD, USA: National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI), US National Library of Medicine, 2015. Available at: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov
Resources to Reserves 2013 – Oil, gas and coal technologies for the energy markets of the future. Paris, France. International Energy Agency (IEA), 2013. Available at: http://www.iea.org
BRENDA. The Comprehensive Enzyme Information System. Braunschweig, Germany: Institute of Biochemistry     and Bioinformatics, Technical University of Braunschweig, 2014. Available at: http://www.brenda-enzymes.info
MetaCyc Metabolic Pathway Database. Menlo Park, CA, USA. SRI International. Available at:  http://metacyc.org

Electronic Material and Websites:
Meier U. Growth stages of mono- and dicotyledonous plants, 2001. Available at:
Global opportunities for whey and lactose ingredients 2010–2014. 3ABC – 3A Business Consulting. Available at:
Huntrods D. Carrot profile. Agricultural Marketing Resource Center (AgMRC). Ames, IA, USA, Iowa State University, 2013. Available at: http://www.agmrc.org

 should have the appropriate captions at the top and be numbered with Arabic numerals in the order of their appearance in the text. The tables should be inserted in their relevant places in the text.

Figures should be inserted in their relevant places in the text and numbered with Arabic numerals in the order of their appearance in the text. Each Figure must have a separate caption and legend.
Color figures are published free of charge. In the case of photos, only high-resolution ones will be published.

Structural formulas, mathematical and chemical equations
Structural formulas
 (to be numbered in order with other figures) and mathematical and chemical equations (to be numbered separately) should be drawn and written in the text at the position where they belong.

Image manipulation
Image manipulation
 is forbidden. Figures must accurately reflect the original data and information should not be enhanced, eliminated, added, obscured or moved!

Ethics of publication
The journal endorses its own policy in the field of publication ethics. For more information about publication ethics, please refer to:
All cases of data fabrication, plagiarism, image manipulation, result manipulation, etc. will lead to rejection of the manuscript and notification of the administration of the corresponding author’s affiliation institution.

Permission to reproduce figures or data, citation of published data
It is the authors’ responsibility to obtain permission for the reproduction of figures, tables, or text from previously published works. Permission is also required for references to any unpublished data of other scientists.

All manuscripts will be checked twice for similarity with existing publications and for plagiarism using the iThenticate plagiarism detecting system: initially, during the Preliminary Assessment procedure of the manuscript, and then, during the Proofreading, immediately before the Production step leading to publication of the article.
In the Materials and Methods section, authors should refer protocols to the original papers and only their own modifications should be described in detail.

Download Sample Draft/Proof    Download Draft Template
(this file required after successfully passing the review process).