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Gergana Ilieva Marovska Ivanka Hambarliyska Nadezhda Petkova Ivan Ivanov Vasil Georgiev Mariyana Topuzova Anton Slavov

Abstract

The aim of the present study was to evaluate and compare three types of lavender (Lavandula angustifolia Mill.) biomasses for their content of biologically active substances and potential application. The first one was from unprocessed lavender (L-UNTR22_Z) and the other two were industrial steam-distilled lavender solid residues (L-SD22_Z and L-SD22_M). Ash, protein, polyuronide content and the degree of esterification of the pectic substances in the biomass were investigated. 70% ethanolic extracts of the residues were prepared and their total polyphenol content and antioxidant activity were evaluated by four methods. Individual phenolic acids, flavonoids, polar non-volatile compounds and polar volatile compounds were also determined by chromatographic analyses. The highest degree of esterification (83.9±0.5%) and protein content (8.15±1.6%) were found in L-SD22_Z extract. L-SD22_M extract demonstrated the highest polyphenolic content and antioxidant activity. Six phenolic acids (protocatehuic, syringic, p-coumaric, ferulic, salicylic, and gallic acid) and five flavonoids ((+)-catechin, (-)-epicatechin, rutin, hesperidin, and quercetin) were detected by HPLC analyses. The detail information about amino acids, sugars, organic and phenolic acids, as well as polar volatile compounds was obtained by GC-MS. The results suggested that the lavender (untreated and residual biomass) are a good source of dietary antioxidants and compounds with potent biological activity.

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How to Cite
MAROVSKA, Gergana Ilieva et al. General characteristics of lavender biomass (Lavandula angustifolia Mill.) before and after industrial distillation. Food Science and Applied Biotechnology, [S.l.], v. 7, n. 1, p. 133-144, mar. 2024. ISSN 2603-3380. Available at: <https://www.ijfsab.com/index.php/fsab/article/view/323>. Date accessed: 17 june 2024. doi: https://doi.org/10.30721/fsab2024.v7.i1.323.