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N’pagyendou Lare Bawoumodom P.I Tchaou Bodjona Banfitebiyi Gambogou Damintoti Simplice Karou

Abstract

The contamination of agricultural products and aflatoxins synthesis can be controlled and reduced by the application of a biological control product based on atoxinogenic Aspergillus flavus strains. The purpose of this work was to select atoxinogenic Aspergillus flavus strains that can be used in the biological control of aflatoxins. Thirty-four (34) strains of Aspergillus flavus were used and the Nor-1, Ver-1, Omt-A and AflR genes involved in the aflatoxin biosynthesis pathway were sought. The growth speed and ability of atoxigenic strains to inhibit the growth of toxigenic strains were also determined. The results showed that 50% of the strains have at least one of the genes sought and the percentages of inhibition (PI) of the atoxinogenic strains varied significantly from 16.98% to 62.50% at the threshold of 5% according to the Tukey test (p-value = 0.0000136). The mycelial growth speed (VCM) of the atoxinogenic strains varied from 7.5 to 10 mm/day with an average VCM of 8.4 ± 0.05 mm/day. Strains AKA-10; AGA-8; AMAN-35; ABA-28 and AGA-46 were found to be more effective in inhibiting mycelial growth of toxigenic strains.

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How to Cite
LARE, N’pagyendou et al. Molecular characterization of aflatoxigenic and non-aflatoxigenic Aspergillus flavus strains isolated from peanut sold in northern Togo. Food Science and Applied Biotechnology, [S.l.], v. 6, n. 1, p. 77-86, mar. 2023. ISSN 2603-3380. Available at: <https://www.ijfsab.com/index.php/fsab/article/view/227>. Date accessed: 21 may 2024. doi: https://doi.org/10.30721/fsab2023.v6.i1.227.