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Yordan Todorov Gogov Gergana Lyubomirova Krumova-Valcheva

Abstract

The study on the spread of visible nematode larvae in frozen and fresh ocean and sea fish, marked in Bulgaria, has been conducted during the period 2017-2020. A total of 222 whole fish with head and offal (132 – frozen and 90 – fresh) were collected. The analyses were performed in accordance with Regulation (EC) 2074/2005. Presence of visible nematode larvae with sizes from 3 to 11 mm was found mainly on the walls of the abdominal cavity and the black membrane (94 %) and less frequently on the genitals (3 %). In the frozen fish was found only dead nematode larvae, but in the fresh fishes – alive. The prevalence of nematodes reaches to 100 % and the intensity of invasion varied from 1 to 25 larvae in the mackerel. In the case of fresh sprat, the extension invasion was in the range of 13 to 100 % and the intension invasion from 1 to 58 larvae. In the sample from hake, the prevalence of nematode larvae was 40-100 % and the intensity of the invasion – from 1 to 16 larvae. 50 % of the horse mackerel was infected with 1 to 6 parasites. The highest degree of intensity was found in fresh sprat, where the number of nematode larvae reaches 58. The health standards for fishery products, introduced by Regulation (EC) No 853/2004 do not allow infected fish with visible parasites to be marketed in the Community. The presence of live nematodes in fish creates a potential health risk to public health.

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References

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How to Cite
GOGOV, Yordan Todorov; KRUMOVA-VALCHEVA, Gergana Lyubomirova. Study on the spread of nematode larvae in fishes marketed in Bulgaria. Food Science and Applied Biotechnology, [S.l.], v. 4, n. 1, p. 31-37, mar. 2021. ISSN 2603-3380. Available at: <https://www.ijfsab.com/index.php/fsab/article/view/125>. Date accessed: 18 apr. 2021. doi: https://doi.org/10.30721/fsab2021.v4.i1.125.