Ethics and Malpractice Statements

Publication Ethics and Publication Malpractice Statements

Articles published in this peer-reviewed journal serve as a crucial contribution to the development of a robust and scholarly knowledge base. The peer-review process ensures that these articles adhere to rigorous standards of study methodology, enhancing their credibility and reliability. Ethical practices are essential and encompass various stakeholders involved in the publication process, including the publisher, authors, peer reviewers, journal editors, and the community of societies that support and fund journals. Upholding ethical standards ensures the integrity and trustworthiness of the published research, promoting the advancement of knowledge in a logical and professional manner.

Authorship and Contributorship

The criteria for authorship require that only researchers who have made significant contributions to the work are listed as authors. This includes individuals involved in the study's conception, design, implementation, or interpretation. All substantial contributors should be acknowledged as co-authors. The International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) defines authorship requirements and emphasizes the inclusion of individuals who meet these criteria [6] (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3142758).

In the acknowledgements section, individuals who have made substantive contributions to the paper, such as language revision, should be recognized. Each author must review and approve the final version of the manuscript before submission, and the corresponding author is responsible for ensuring the appropriate inclusion of co-authors and the exclusion of inappropriate co-authors.

Before submitting a paper, authors should verify the names and order of all listed authors and provide this list along with the manuscript. Once a paper has been submitted, no changes can be made to the list of authors. Authors bear individual and shared accountability for the content they create and are responsible for addressing any concerns regarding accuracy or completeness.

Authors must adhere to the policies and authorship rights defined by the journal. Any changes to the author list, including additions, deletions, or rearrangements, require final approval from the Editor. The corresponding author must provide a description of why the author order needs to be altered and obtain written confirmation from all co-authors regarding their agreement with the new order. Authors can be added or removed, but their inclusion or removal must be confirmed.

Authorship ensures that the appropriate individuals are credited for the research conducted. Misconduct occurs when an author intentionally misrepresents their affiliation with published research. Authorship recognition is based on contributions to research, data collection, analysis, and interpretation, as well as making necessary changes to the article's structure and content. The corresponding author should ensure that all co-authors comply with the policies of the FSAB journal following the particular definitions of authorship (e.g. medical journals may follow the ICMJE definition of authorship [1].

In cases where the order of authorship is a joint decision, terms like "Contributors" or "Recognized Persons" can be used to refer to participants who do not meet the journal's authorship criteria. In multidisciplinary studies, it is important to publish a list of each researcher/co-author's skills and declare their individual contributions. Co-authors can be listed alphabetically, indicating equal contribution to the research. Three problematic conceptions of authorship include "gifts," "guest co-authors," and "ghost co-authors," all of which deviate from ethical standards.

In cases where authorship of a manuscript is challenged, the editor-in-chief and the author's affiliated institution may be involved in investigating the issue until an acceptable resolution is reached. It is recommended that all parties involved in authorship discuss and plan the acknowledgment of each scientist's contribution before describing it in the manuscript.

Authors of original research papers are expected to provide accurate descriptions of their work and assess the significance of their findings. Sufficient information and citations should be included to allow others to reproduce the discoveries. Review articles should adhere to standards of accuracy and objectivity, while distinguishing them from editorial works that express personal opinions.

Handling of Complaints and Appeals

The Editor-in-Chief, in collaboration with the publisher, implements a transparent procedure to address appeals regarding specific editorial decisions. They are responsible for ensuring the accuracy of the published record and thoroughly reviewing any reported or suspected instances of misconduct related to research, publication, reviewers, or editorial matters. This includes collaborating with the publisher or society to address and resolve these issues.

The Editor-in-Chief, along with the publisher (or society), is also responsible for investigating and evaluating allegations or suspicions of unethical behavior in research, publishing, reviewer conduct, and editorial conduct. These measures typically involve contacting the author of the manuscript, carefully evaluating the complaint or claims, and engaging in communication with relevant institutions and research organizations. The editor is expected to effectively utilize the publisher's systems to identify and address instances of misconduct, including plagiarism.

In cases where misconduct is established, the Editor-in-Chief presents indisputable evidence and works with the publisher (and/or readers) to ensure appropriate actions such as correction, retraction, expression of concern, or any other necessary means to rectify the record in a timely manner.

Conflicts of Interest and Competing Interests

When it comes to the disclosure of possible conflicts of interest by authors and reviewers, the Editor-in-Chief follows the policy of the Academic Publishing House at the University of Food Technologies, Plovdiv, as well as guidelines such as the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) guidelines [6].

The journal prioritizes transparency and objectivity in peer-reviewed research and development. Conflicts of interest can arise when authors, reviewers, editors, or researchers have personal or financial interests that could affect their objectivity or improperly influence their actions. These conflicts, also known as dual commitments or competing interests, can undermine the integrity of the publication and the trust in science.

Examples of conflicts of interest include direct financial attachments such as employment, stock ownership, government grants, and patents, as well as indirect financial interests like consulting work, fees, mutual fund holdings, and paid expert testimony. However, conflicts of interest can also arise from academic competition, personal attitudes, and intellectual passions that may influence judgment or create biases.

It is important for individuals to disclose any relationships that may present a conflict of interest, even if they are unaware of the influence of these relationships on their judgment. This information should be provided in a cover letter or footnote in the manuscript submitted to the Editorial Board of the journal. The journal may use objective evidence to make decisions based on these disclosures, and the disclosures themselves may be published to ensure transparency. In some cases, the journal may decide not to publish a manuscript due to the declared conflict of interest.

For the role of Editor-in-Chief, it is essential that they do not participate in decisions regarding papers they have written, papers written by colleagues or family members, or papers related to services or products in which they have a financial interest. The peer review process should be managed independently by the corresponding author/editor and their research organizations, and this should be clearly stated in any published paper.

The publisher may also require disclosure of potential conflicts of interest for editors, and these declarations may be published in the journal. It is important to regularly update these declarations as new conflicts of interest arise to maintain transparency and integrity in the editorial process.

Objectivity and Competing Interests

Evaluations are performed objectively. When evaluating a paper, reviewers should be clear about any personal biases they may have and explain them. Criticizing the author on a personal level is not acceptable, and readers should instead focus on the content of the work.

Before approving the review of a paper in which they are concerned by possible conflicts of interest due to their competition, cooperative relationships, or any connections between authors, enterprises, or institutions connected with these papers, reviewers shall have consulted the Editor-in-chief.

Reviewers should not recommend that authors add their own or their colleagues' citations for any purpose other than genuine scientific interest, and certainly not with an additional goal of raising the reviewer's or their colleagues' citation count or profile.

 

Data Sharing and Reproducibility

Together with librarians, the research community, funders, and other stakeholders, the Academic Publishing House at the University of Food Technologies in Plovdiv creates policies that might aid customers and make our position on crucial problems clear.

The Academic Publishing House of the University of Food Technologies, Plovdiv plays an encouraging, investing, and feeding role in academic communication. After all, it ensures that the world's best practices are applied in its publications.

The Academic Publishing House of the University of Food Technologies, Plovdiv has created rules and processes to assist editors, reviewers, and writers in carrying out their ethical responsibilities following these principles. Together with other publishers and professional groups, we are developing guidelines for how to manage moral issues, mistakes, and corrections.

As a matter of standard operating procedure in the academic publishing industry, it is the responsibility of the journal's Editor-in-Chief to make the final decision on which papers are submitted for publication. The editorial board's rules and applicable laws involving libel, copyright infringement, and plagiarism will inform the editor's judgment. As a result of this guiding concept, the scholarly archive has emerged as a vital tool for documenting the development of academic exchanges over time. Once an article has been published, it should not be changed in any way that would compromise its accuracy or integrity. In very rare cases, however, an article that has been published may need to be retracted or even erased due to circumstances beyond the control of the publisher. Such measures should never be done lightly and are restricted to emergencies. All versions of articles, even those that have been retracted or otherwise deleted, will remain in our official archives at the Bulgarian National Library.

It is generally accepted in the academic community that it is the entire and autonomous responsibility of the journal's Editor-in-Chief to decide which papers submitted to the journal will be published. The editor has to consider journal regulations as well as any applicable laws against libel, copyright infringement, or plagiarism while making this decision. In this sense, the academic archive is relevant to maintaining a permanent historical record of scholarship transactions, which follows from this premise. Published articles will be kept as close to their original form as is practical. In very rare cases, however, an article that has been published may need to be retracted or even erased due to circumstances beyond the control of the publisher. Such measures should never be done lightly and are restricted to emergencies. Article versions, including those that have been retracted or otherwise deleted, will be preserved in official archives at the Bulgarian National Library.

An ethics policy is directed to answer these questions and include state-of-the-art recommendations from the academic and library sectors. We are going to revisit this problem regularly as standards develop and change, and we encourage the scientific and library communities to provide input at that time. We believe that the publishing and information sector would benefit from worldwide standards on these matters, and we intend to strongly advocate for different information authorities to this end.

We believe that the publishing and information sector would benefit from worldwide standards on these matters, and we intend to strongly support different information authorities to achieve this goal.

 

Declaration of Competing Interests

Any financial or personal connections to other individuals or groups that could potentially bias an author's work must be disclosed. Examples of potential conflicts of interest include employment, consulting arrangements, stock ownership, honoraria, paid expert testimony, patent applications/registrations, grants, and other forms of funding. The corresponding author is responsible for ensuring that the submission process is free from bias or prejudice.

See: https://www.ijfsab.com/index.php/fsab/about/submissions

According to WAME (World Association of Medical Editors), a conflict of interest arises when an independent observer might question whether the author's behavior or judgment is influenced by competing interests [11]. This situation occurs when an individual's personal or competing interest’s conflict with their scholarly and publishing responsibilities. Authors have a responsibility to disclose all financial and personal relationships with other individuals or organizations that could be perceived as biased when submitting a paper.

Authors are required to report any financial support received for conducting the research or preparing the article. Additionally, if there are any sponsors involved, their role in the study's design, data collection, analysis, interpretation, report writing, and decision to submit for publication should be disclosed. It is crucial to clarify whether the funding sources were involved in any way or not.

Examples of potential conflicts of interest that should be reported include patent applications/registrations, grants, royalties, paid expert testimony, consulting arrangements, employment relationships, stock ownership, or any other forms of funding. Authors are encouraged to disclose any conflicts of interest as soon as possible [11].

Ethical Oversight

Ethics of Publication

The journal supports the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE), an organization dedicated to promoting ethical practices in publishing. To learn more about COPE, you can visit their website at http://www.publicationethics.org.

It is important to note that any paper found to contain faked data, plagiarized material, altered images, or falsified findings will be rejected. Furthermore, the author's affiliated institution's administration will be informed of such misconduct.

In line with the journal's open data standards, authors may be asked to provide research data to support their publication for editorial review. Authors are encouraged to make their data accessible to the public if possible, and they should be willing to retain their data for a reasonable period following publication. For more detailed information, authors are advised to refer to the journal's Author's Guide.

Plagiarism

For more information about our plagiarism policy, authors are encouraged to refer to our guidelines or policies specifically addressing plagiarism. These resources will provide detailed information on what constitutes plagiarism and the consequences associated with it.

see: https://www.ijfsab.com/index.php/fsab/Plagiarism_policy

Plagiarism can take various forms, including direct copying, paraphrasing without proper attribution, and using foreign data, terms, or ideas without permission. The significance of plagiarism depends on factors such as the extent of the plagiarized work (from a few lines to the entire article), the type of plagiarism (reusing language, paraphrasing, copying, etc.), and which part of the paper is copied (inputs, methods, outcomes, etc.).

Authors have a responsibility to situate their work within the existing body of knowledge on the subject and appropriately credit the work of other scholars upon which their own research is based. By acknowledging and citing the sources they have used, authors demonstrate integrity and contribute to the scholarly discourse.

It is essential for authors to understand and adhere to our plagiarism policy to maintain the highest standards of academic integrity and ensure the originality and credibility of their work.

 

Simultaneous Submission

Authors are required to provide written assurances that their manuscript has not been previously published and is not under consideration for publication in another journal. Submitting the same work for publication more than once is considered unethical and goes against the principles of academic integrity.

Re-publication or duplication occurs when two or more articles share essentially the same hypotheses, data, discussion points, and/or conclusions without proper referencing. This practice is not acceptable and can lead to confusion and misleading representation of research findings.

Simultaneous submission refers to the act of submitting the same paper to multiple journals at the same time. This can take various forms, including word-for-word repetition, considerable paraphrasing, or minor changes in word choice. Simultaneous submission is considered unethical and can compromise the integrity of the publication process.

Inadvertent double counting or incorrect weighting of outcomes from a single research study can distort the available data. This is another reason why double publishing of original studies is deemed unethical.

To ensure compliance with submission requirements and ethical standards, authors are encouraged to review the Submission Preparation Checklist provided by the journal. This Submission Preparation Checklist can be found at the link: https://www.ijfsab.com/index.php/fsab/about/submissions#authorGuidelines. It provides guidance on the necessary steps authors should take before submitting their manuscripts to the journal.

 

Fair Play in Publication Process

The Sector's Editor and/or Editor-in-Chief evaluate submissions solely based on their intellectual content, without any bias towards the authors' gender, sexual orientation, religion, color, nationality, or political beliefs. Fair and unbiased assessment of manuscripts is a fundamental principle of the journal.

When selecting individuals for the Editorial Board, the Editor-in-Chief considers the importance of ensuring adequate, inclusive, and diverse representation. This promotes a broader range of perspectives and expertise within the journal's editorial decision-making process.

The journal's editorial principles prioritize transparency and accuracy in reporting. This means that authors are expected to provide clear and precise information in their submissions, while the editorial team ensures that the review process and publication decisions are conducted in a transparent manner.

The Editor-in-Chief plays a crucial role in ensuring that both reviewers and authors have a clear understanding of the expectations placed upon them. This includes providing guidelines, instructions, and feedback to reviewers and communicating the journal's standards and requirements to authors.

For all correspondence, including manuscript submissions, the journal utilizes an electronic submission system and email communication with the Editor-in-Chief. This streamlines the process and facilitates efficient communication between authors and the editorial team.

Ethics of Journal Metrics Management

The Editor-in-Chief of a journal is strictly prohibited from manipulating the journal's impact factor or any other metrics to artificially enhance the publication's rating. It is essential to maintain the integrity and reliability of the journal's metrics.

In addition, it is considered inappropriate for an editor to demand references to papers published in the same journal or any other journal unless there are valid scientific reasons to do so. The inclusion of references should be based on the scientific merit and relevance of the cited work, rather than any external pressures.

Furthermore, it is deemed inappropriate for an editor to require writers to make references to articles written by the editor or to items and services in which the editor has a financial interest. Editors should avoid conflicts of interest and maintain impartiality in their editorial decisions.

The Editor-in-Chief plays a crucial role in upholding ethical standards, ensuring scientific integrity, and promoting fairness and transparency in the publication process.

 

The Reviewer’s Confidentiality

We strictly adhere to a policy that prioritizes the privacy and confidentiality of all submissions. Reviewers are explicitly prohibited from sharing any details of the manuscript or review with any external parties without the explicit approval of the Editor-in-Chief.

To ensure the anonymity of all contributors while acknowledging their contributions, reviewers are advised to consult with the Editor-in-Chief in advance to determine the appropriate approach in handling the review process.

It is crucial to note that reviewers must not utilize any unpublished materials disclosed in a submitted work for their own research without obtaining the author's explicit permission. Peer-reviewed materials are considered confidential and should not be exploited for personal gain.

By upholding these principles, we aim to safeguard the integrity of the peer review process, respect the privacy of all individuals involved, and maintain the trust and confidentiality necessary for scholarly publishing.

 

Alertness to Ethical Issues

Reviewers play a vital role in identifying and addressing ethical concerns in manuscripts. If a reviewer notices any potential ethical difficulties, such as significant similarity or overlap between the manuscript under review and other publications they are aware of, it is important for them to bring these concerns to the attention of the editor.

When raising such concerns, the reviewer should provide appropriate references and justification to support their opinion that certain arguments, data, or conclusions have been previously published. This helps the editor make an informed decision and ensures the integrity of the review process.

By adhering to this practice, reviewers contribute to maintaining high ethical standards in academic publishing and help prevent issues such as plagiarism, redundant publication, or improper use of previously published work.

 

Image Integrity

It is indeed unacceptable to manipulate or alter a picture in a way that misrepresents or distorts the original content. This includes actions such as emphasizing, hiding, repositioning, removing, or adding details to an image. However, minor adjustments to brightness, contrast, or color balance are permissible as long as they do not compromise the legibility or integrity of the original content [7].

To ensure transparency and scientific integrity, it is generally expected that the original pictures be provided as supplementary material with the paper, if appropriate. Alternatively, some journals may require authors to deposit the original images in a suitable repository, as per the journal's policy for graphical images. This allows for independent verification and assessment of the research findings.

By adhering to these practices, authors contribute to the reliability and reproducibility of scientific research, as well as uphold the ethical standards expected in academic publishing.

 

Clinical Trial Transparency

The University of Food Technologies, Plovdiv's Academic Publishing House acknowledges the importance of transparency in clinical trials. To ensure transparency and adherence to best practices, it is recommended to follow guidelines for registering and reporting clinical trials, such as the CONSORT (Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials) guidelines [3, 6].

The CONSORT guidelines provide a framework for transparent reporting of clinical trials, covering various aspects including study design, participant recruitment, interventions, outcomes, and data analysis. By following these guidelines, researchers can enhance the quality and comprehensibility of their clinical trial publications.

The specific regulations and requirements related to clinical trial registration and reporting may vary among publications. Therefore, it is important to consult the regulations of the appropriate publication to ensure compliance with their specific guidelines and policies.

By promoting transparency in clinical trials, the Academic Publishing House at the University of Food Technologies, Plovdiv aims to foster the dissemination of reliable and accurate research findings, ultimately contributing to the advancement of scientific knowledge in the field.

 

Hazards and Human or Animal Subjects

The Academic Publishing House at the University of Food Technologies, Plovdiv upholds ethical standards in research and publication, particularly in relation to the use of substances, techniques, equipment, and involvement of human or animal subjects.

 

Authors are required to clearly indicate in their publication whether there are any exceptional risks associated with the use of substances, techniques, or equipment employed in the research. This promotes transparency and ensures that readers are aware of any potential hazards or considerations related to the study.

For studies involving human or animal subjects, authors must include a statement in their manuscripts confirming that all necessary procedures were conducted in accordance with applicable laws and institutional guidelines. Ethical approval from relevant institutional committees should be obtained and acknowledged. In the case of research involving human participants, informed consent must be obtained and explicitly stated in the paper. It is crucial to respect the privacy and rights of human subjects throughout the research process.

In accordance with international standards, such as the World Medical Association's Declaration of Helsinki [13] and specific national or regional regulations (e.g., Animals (Scientific Procedures) - ARRIVE guidelines [1],  Act 1986 in the UK [9] or EU Directive 2010/63/EU in the European Union [5], or the Public Health Service Policy on Humane Care and Use of Laboratory Animals and Animal Welfare Act in the US) [10], authors are expected to adhere to the principles and guidelines to ensure the ethical treatment and welfare of animals involved in experiments.

Authors submitting their work to the Academic Publishing House of the University of Food Technologies, Plovdiv should obtain all necessary consents, licenses, and releases before publication. The author holds the responsibility of maintaining written documentation of these permissions and, if requested by the publishing house, should provide copies or evidence of their acquisition.

By upholding these ethical standards, the Academic Publishing House of the University of Food Technologies, Plovdiv ensures the protection of human subjects, the welfare of animals, and the promotion of responsible and accountable research practices.

 

Intellectual Property

Originality and Acknowledgement of Sources

The Academic Publishing House at the University of Food Technologies, Plovdiv emphasizes the importance of originality and proper acknowledgment of sources in submitted manuscripts.

When citing publications in the References section, authors should ensure that the cited works directly contribute to justifying the scientific novelty, purpose, and objectives of their manuscript. The cited references should provide relevant context and support for the research within the broader scholarly literature. Personal conversations, correspondence, or discussions with third parties should not be used or disclosed without obtaining express written consent from the original source.

Plagiarism in any form is strictly prohibited and unethical. It includes presenting someone else's work as one's own, extensively quoting from another person's work without appropriate citation, or wrongfully claiming credit for the findings of another person's study. Plagiarism undermines the integrity of research and scholarly discourse, and it will not be tolerated.

Permission to reproduce figures or data, citation of unpublished data

Authors are responsible for obtaining permission to reuse figures or any other content from previously published works. If unpublished data from other scientists are used, permission must be obtained from the respective owners of the data.

By adhering to these principles of originality, proper citation, and obtaining necessary permissions, the Academic Publishing House at the University of Food Technologies, Plovdiv ensures the integrity of the published works and respects the intellectual property rights of others.

 

Checking for Plagiarism

The Academic Publishing House at the University of Food Technologies, Plovdiv is committed to maintaining the integrity of its publications and upholding ethical standards. To ensure originality and prevent plagiarism, the iThenticate plagiarism detection technology will be utilized to compare all published papers, thereby identifying any instances of potential plagiarism.

Authors are advised to discuss their adaptations or modifications in detail within the Materials and Methods section of their manuscripts. If necessary, they should provide references to the source articles for the specific procedures employed.

The Editor-in-Chief is responsible for maintaining the confidentiality of all journal submissions and communications with reviewers, unless agreed otherwise by the authors and reviewers. In cases where research misconduct is being investigated, the publisher and the Editor-in-Chief may share limited information with the editors of other journals, following specific conditions and agreements [2]. It is essential to protect the anonymity of reviewers at all times.

Editors are prohibited from using any previously unpublished materials mentioned in a submitted work for their personal research without obtaining the author's permission. The peer review process grants access to confidential information and ideas, which must be safeguarded and not exploited for personal gain.

These measures underscore the commitment of the Academic Publishing House at the University of Food Technologies, Plovdiv to maintaining the highest ethical standards and ensuring the integrity of its publications.

 

Copyright Transfer Agreement

Copyright Transfer Agreements (CTAs) are a standard practice in academic publishing. When a writer's work is accepted for publication by the Academic Publishing House at the University of Food Technologies, Plovdiv, they will be required to sign a CTA. The CTA outlines the transfer of copyright from the author(s) to the publisher.

In addition, the option for Open Access (OA) publication may be available. Open Access allows for unrestricted online access to the published articles, making them freely available to readers worldwide. The choice of Open Access or traditional access is typically indicated in the CTA or specified by the journal's policies.

The Open Access Option will specify whether other parties are permitted to use the open-access articles. This can include activities such as downloading, copying, distributing, or reusing the published work. The terms and conditions regarding the use of open-access articles will be clearly stated and agreed upon by the author(s) during the publication process.

For further details and to access the template of the Copyright Transfer Agreement, please refer to the provided link: https://www.ijfsab.com/index.php/fsab/about/submissions.

 

Open Access and Charging

Authors publishing their work with the Academic Publishing House of the University of Food Technologies, Plovdiv have the option to choose open-access format for their articles. Open access allows for free and unrestricted access to the published work, making it available to readers worldwide without any cost barriers.

In the case of open-access papers, there is no publication fee required. This means that the author, institution, or funder is not obligated to pay any fees for the article to be viewed in open access.

Furthermore, all articles published in this journal are licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (CC BY-SA 4.0). This license allows others to share and adapt the work, as long as proper attribution is given to the original source and any resulting adaptations are shared under the same license.

The Online Open option ensures that the article is immediately and readily accessible to everyone without any publication fee. This option enables the article to be published in open access format, allowing for wider dissemination and increased visibility of the research.

Please note that specific details regarding the publication process, fees, and licensing terms may vary. It is advisable to consult the journal's guidelines or contact the Academic Publishing House directly for precise information on their open-access policies and procedures.

 

Post-publication Discussions and Corrections

The Academic Publishing House at the University of Food Technologies, Plovdiv has implemented three strategies to ensure the completeness and accuracy of the scholarly record in its electronic archive:

Article Withdrawal

This strategy applies to articles that have fundamental errors, violate publication ethics guidelines (such as plagiarism or fraudulent use of data), or are accidental duplicates of other published articles. In such cases, the articles accepted for publication or in early view will be rejected. The original content of the retracted articles, both in HTML and PDF formats, will be replaced by a page and PDF stating that the article has been retracted in accordance with the publishing house's policy. The page will also include a link to the most current version of the policy.

Article Retraction

This strategy is employed for articles that involve multiple submissions, false claims of authorship, plagiarism, or other forms of data fraud. A retraction note, titled "Withdrawal: [article title]," signed by the authors and/or editor, will be published in a subsequent issue of the journal and indicated in the table of contents. In the electronic version, a link to the original article will be provided, and the original article will remain unchanged except for a watermark on the PDF indicating its withdrawal. The PDF version of the document will be removed.

Article Removal: Legal Limitations

This strategy is reserved for exceptional circumstances, such as articles that are libellous or infringe upon legal rights, are subject to ongoing or anticipated legal processes, or pose a serious risk to someone's health if followed. In such cases, the article will be removed from the internet database, but the information (title, authors) will be preserved. A screen will replace the content, explaining why the article has been taken down due to legal issues.

Article Replacement

Additionally, authors of articles that pose a serious health risk if followed may request a permanent retraction of the incorrect original or its replacement with a revised version. Standard procedures for withdrawal will be applied, and a formal notice of the opt-out will be posted on the relevant database.

These strategies aim to maintain the integrity of the scholarly record while addressing ethical concerns, errors, and legal issues that may arise in published articles.

 

Notification of Fundamental Errors

The author has a responsibility to promptly notify the journal editor or publisher upon discovering an important error or inaccuracy in their published article. They should work collaboratively with the editor to determine the appropriate action, which may involve removing or updating the manuscript as necessary. In cases where a third party brings to the attention of the editor or publisher an error in a published work, the author is also obligated to engage with the editor, providing any necessary evidence or clarification. This cooperative approach ensures that errors and inaccuracies are addressed and corrected in a timely manner to maintain the integrity of the published work.

 

References

  1. Kilkenny, C., Browne, W., Cuthill, I.C., Emerson, M., Altman, D.G. Animal research: Reporting in vivo experiments: The ARRIVE guidelines. British journal of Pharmacology, 2010, 160(7), 1577-1579. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1476-5381.2010.00872.x
  2. Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE). Available at: https://publicationethics.org
  3. CONSORT standards for randomized trials.
  4. COPE Codes of Conduct. Available at: https://publicationethics.org/files/2008%20Code%20of%20Conduct.pdf
  5. EU Directive 2010/63/EU for animal experiments. Official Journal of the European Union, 20.10.2010, L 276, 33-79. Available at: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:L:2010:276:0033:0079:en:PDF
  6. Uniform requirements for manuscripts submitted to biomedical journals: Writing and editing for biomedical publication. Journal of Pharmacology and Pharmacotherapeutics, 2010, 1(1), 42–58. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3142758
  7. Rossner, M., Yamada, K.M. What's in a picture? The temptation of image manipulation. The Journal of Cell Biology, 2004, 166(1), 11-15. https://doi.org/10.1083/jcb.200406019
  8. The STM trade Association. International Ethical Principles for Scholarly Publication. Available at: https://www.stm-assoc.org/2013_05_21_STM_Ethical_Principles_for_Scholarly_Publication.pdf
  9. Straughan, D.W. The UK Animals (Scientific Procedures) Act - Implications for the future of alternative toxicity tests. Toxicology in Vitro, 1994, 8(4), 841-843. https://doi.org/10.1016/0887-2333(94)90082-5
  10. S. Public Health Service Policy on Humane Care and Use of Laboratory Animals. Office for Protection from Research Risks (OPRR), National Institutes of Health (U.S.), Rockville Pike, Bethesda, Maryland, 1986. Available at: https://books.google.bg/books?hl=bg&lr=&id=xq1qAAAAMAAJ&oi=fnd&pg=PP7&dq=%22U.S.+Public+Health+Service+Policy+on+Humane+Care+and+Use+of+Laboratory+Animals%22&ots=H3c2D6Hq3_&sig=TaxmWpl0-TIJcR_R2nzZ6fu5r0M&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q&f=false
  11. WAME Editorial statement on COI. Available at: http://www.wame.org/about/conflict-of-​interest-in-peer-reviewed-medical
  12. World Association of Medical Editors (WAME) Best Practice. Principles of Transparency and Best Practice in Scholarly Publishing. Date of Publication: January 15, 2018. Available at: http://wame.org/principles-of-transparency-and-best-practice-in-scholarly-publishing

World Medical Association Declaration of Helsinki. Ethical principles for medical research involving human subjects. Bulletin of World Health Organization, 2001, 79(4), 373-374. Available at: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2566407/pdf/11357217.pdf